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发展可持续智慧城市,提高民众生活质量
发布时间:2018-01-23  作者:标准信息服务网  来源:标准信息服务网  访问次数: 
    IEC、 ISO与 ITU主办国际论坛应对限制智慧城市发展的主要问题
    智慧城市可为全球约39亿城市居民提供更优质的生活(1),同时使城市资源得到更好、更有效地利用,提升安全性。然而,许多问题限制了智慧城市的发展。2016年7月13日,在新加坡举行的第一届世界智慧城市论坛上,阻碍智慧城市发展的主要问题暴露在了公众面前。
    此论坛由IEC主办, ISO与ITU合办。三大标准化组织负责发布国际标准,提供技术工具,使城市服务与技术的整合成为可能。
    世界智慧城市论坛意识到许多城市在积极解决这些问题,比如能源或水资源的可持续供应、交通拥堵问题的解决、以及拥堵的运输网带来的相关污染问题。
    城市领导人与国际专家们就如何在独立系统,比如能源系统、水资源系统、卫生设施与废弃物管理、交通和安全系统之间的水平互连上取得重大成效交流了见解。
    然而,论坛了解到,在执行层面,目前城市采用的系统多数来自不同的供应商,并且由不同的代理机构来维护,而这些机构有时是独立运营的。准确地安置标准化接口才能对这些独立系统进行实际或虚拟的连接,这也是IEC,ISO和ITU三大机构应该发挥全球领导力之处。
    现在,各种不同的组织与单位比以往更加需要共同合作,帮助创造更智能化的城市。我们将需要通过一个系统方法来实现广泛合作,以应对技术整合带来的各种挑战。在城市规划师看来,公共设施与服务供应商以及国际标准是根本驱动力,它们保障城市发展绩效达到预期,技术之间相互兼容。
    IEC秘书长及首席执行官弗兰斯·弗雷斯维克(Frans Vreeswijk)说道:“能源是使城市与经济繁荣的重要命脉。到2050年,全球会有近70%的产出能源消耗在城市建设,约66%的世界人口生活在都市。市相关部门将面对前所未有的挑战,在满足市民基本需求的同时增强城市发展的可持续性。IEC许诺帮助城市更快速、更有效地达到智慧城市的目标,取得更好的成果。此外,我们也欢迎城市方积极、持续地参与到智慧城市的工作中来。”
    IEC智慧城市系统委员会(IEC System Committee (SyC) on Smart Cities)将于7月15日成立,届时20多个国家代表将聚首新加坡召开会议。这一新的系统委员会将促进国际标准在电工学领域的发展,助力城市各系统的整合、互用和效能。
    ISO秘书长凯文•麦金利(Kevin Mckinley):“国际标准是建设更智能、更持续城市环境的基础。它们帮助系统与产品共同协作,传播新理念、新技术,拓展效能。例如ISO的城市指标工作可帮助城市确定出需要改善的区域,且近期公布的社会可持续发展标准条例也会帮助社会本身掌控未来、引领未来。此外,ISO在水资源、交通运输业、建造业及其他领域上的许多标准也会帮助城市应对各种挑战。”
    ITU电信标准局董事查萨布•李(Chaesub Lee):“信息与通信技术(ICT)部门在近几年收获了各种新成员,我们可以在智慧城市的发展舞台上看到很多例子。新加坡世界智慧城市论坛为ITU的标准化工作做出了宝贵贡献,并且帮助我们不断努力,确保ICT的标准化过程满足大部分公共和私有部门人员的需求。正是他们在运用ICT技术,实现智慧城市的发展目标。
    智慧国家计划办公室与新加坡总理办公室主任谭荫阁(Tan Kok Yam):“合作是多元世界的关键,数字技术为这个多元的世界提供了很多可能性,同时也伴随着许多挑战。政府与商业机构要紧密协作,应对可持续化、交通运输、住房与医疗保健难题。其中,医疗保健尤为重要。标准条例是我们所追求的开放式创新环境的关键驱动力。它们使互通性成为可能,以此增加相互间的信任、增强系统弹性和网络安全。”
    2016年7月13日新加坡世界智慧城市论坛相关信息请点击:
    #worldsmartcity2016
    世界智慧城市论坛于2016年7月13日星期三在新加坡滨海湾金沙会展中心如期举行。同在此中心举办的还有世界城市峰会(World Cities Summit)与新加坡国际水资源周(Singapore International Water Week)。
    当日,有城市规划师、市领导、建筑师、公共交通规划师、安全专家、数据专家、标准化专家、以及行业代表等在内的400多人参加了世界智慧城市论坛。论坛得到了多个重要城市组织、国际、地区和国家标准机构的支持。2016年7月13日,在新加坡举办的世界智慧城市论坛上,来自世界各地的专家指出了阻碍智慧城市发展的痛点所在。会议网络视频直播,可点击此处观看here。
    世界智慧城市社区相关信息请点击:www.worldsmartcity.org
    在线社区在全球范围内汇集了城市相关人士,使其参与到增值讨论与高层次社交网中。该社区旨在明确痛点、打破障碍、促进交流,支持智慧城市的加速发展。
    除高层贵宾外,社区还吸引了许多专业人士,比如城市规划师、建筑师、高级顾问、公共交通规划师、安全专家、数据专家、标准化专家、及解决方案供应商。加入社区请点击:here。
    (1)联合国经济与社会事务部人口司(2015). 《世界城市化展望》2014修订版(ST/ESA/SER.A/366).
 
    Enabling sustainable and smart cities for improved quality of life
    IEC, ISO and ITU host international forum to tackle pain points that limit Smart Cities’ development
    Geneva, Switzerland, 2016-07-14 – Smart Cities promise improved quality of life for the world’s estimated 3.9 billion urban dwellers(1), while at the same time allowing better, more efficient use of resources and improved security. However many barriers limit Smart City development. Key pain points that inhibit Smart Cities have been under the spotlight at the first World Smart City Forum, held in Singapore on 13 July 2016.
The Forum was organized by the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), in partnership with ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and ITU (International Telecommunication Union). These three organizations publish International Standards that provide technical tools to enable the integration of city services and technologies.
    The World Smart City Forum recognized that cities battle with pain points like the sustainable supply of energy or water, or the elimination of the gridlock and related pollution caused by congested transport networks.
    City leaders and international experts shared insights into how major efficiency gains can be made by horizontally interconnecting individual systems such as energy, water, sanitation and waste management, transportation, and security.
    However, as the Forum heard, on the operational level many of the systems used in today’s cities are from different suppliers and maintained by different agencies who sometimes work in isolation. To connect them both physically and virtually, standardized interfaces need to be put in place, and this is where IEC, ISO and ITU have a global leadership role.
    Now more than ever before, many different organizations and entities need to collaborate to help make cities smarter. Meeting the challenges of technology integration will demand broad cooperation via a systems approach. For city planners, utilities and service providers, International Standards are essential enablers, assuring an expected performance level and compatibility between technologies.
    Says Frans Vreeswijk, IEC General Secretary and CEO: “Energy is the golden thread that allows cities and economies to prosper. We know that almost 70% of all energy produced globally is consumed by cities and that by 2050, an estimated 66% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. City authorities will face unprecedented challenges of satisfying their citizens’ basic needs while increasing their sustainability. IEC is committed to helping cities reach their Smart City objectives faster, more efficiently and with better outcomes. Moreover we welcome active, ongoing participation in our Smart City work.”
    On 15 July the IEC System Committee (SyC) on Smart Cities will be launched, with representatives from more than 20 countries convening in Singapore. This new Systems Committee will foster the development of International Standards in the field of electrotechnology to help with the integration, interoperability and effectiveness of city systems.
    Says Kevin McKinley, Acting ISO Secretary-General: "International Standards are the foundation for building smarter, more sustainable urban environments. They help systems and products work together, and spread new ideas, technology and efficiency. For example, ISO's work on city indicators helps cities identify the areas they need to improve on, and the recently published standard on sustainable development in communities will help communities themselves own and drive their future. In addition, ISO has many standards on water, transportation, construction and many other sectors will help cities address the diverse challenges they face."
    Says Chaesub Lee, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Bureau: “The information and communication technology (ICT) sector has gained a diverse range of new stakeholders in recent years, and we see ample evidence of this in the Smart City arena. The World Smart City Forum in Singapore offered valuable input to ITU’s standardization work, contributing to our ongoing efforts to ensure that ICT standardization speaks to the needs of the many public and private-sector actors deploying ICTs as enabling technologies to meet smart-city objectives.”
    Says Tan Kok Yam, Head of the Smart Nation Programme Office, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore: “Collaboration is key in a complex world where digital technology offers so much potential, and at the same time, comes with many challenges. Governments and businesses need to work closely to address the challenges of sustainability, transport, housing and healthcare, among others. Standards that enable inter-operability increase mutual trust, and strengthen systems resilience and cybersecurity are critical key enablers to the open creative environment that we seek.
    About the World Smart City Forum, 13 July 2016, Singapore #worldsmartcity2016
    The World Smart City Forum was held on Wednesday, 13 July 2016 at the Sands Expo and Convention Centre, Marina Bay Sands in Singapore, co-located with the World Cities Summit and Singapore International Water Week.
    More than 400 city planners, city leaders, architects, utilities, transport planners, safety/security/data specialists, standardization specialists and industry representatives joined the event. The Forum was supported by many important city organizations and international, regional and national standards bodies. World experts addressed key pain points that hinder Smart City development during World Smart City Forum and live-stream in Singapore on 13 July 2016. Programme available here.
    About the World Smart City community www.worldsmartcity.org
    The online community gathers relevant city stakeholders globally and engages them in value-add discussions and high-level networking. The aim is to crystalize pain points, break down barriers and encourage communication to support faster Smart City development activities.
    In addition to high-level VIPs, the community is attracting professionals such as city planners, architects, consultants, utilities, transport planners, safety/security/data specialists, standardization specialists, and solution providers. You can join the community here.
    1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2015). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, (ST/ESA/SER.A/366). https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Publications/Files/WUP2014-Report.pdf

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